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「设计|译设计」 缔造力与生产力:两者如何同时实现(下)

2021-10-04 00:40 已有人浏览
本文摘要:整理翻译:设计与设计师(ID:Design-Designer)作者: Nayomi Chibana略作删减,版权归原作者所有,转载请注明出处。

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整理翻译:设计与设计师(ID:Design-Designer)作者: Nayomi Chibana略作删减,版权归原作者所有,转载请注明出处。正文共:11049 字 16图预计阅读时间:28分钟Creativity vs. Productivity: How to Achieve Both at the Same Time缔造力与生产力:两者如何同时实现Is it possible to be both creative and productive at the same time? Whenever we think of creative types, we imagine carefree and artsy people who refuse to be constrained by time limits and rules. On the other hand, we all know--or are ourselves--the productive type who is obsessed with results and running an operation at maximum efficiency.同时具有缔造力和生产力,有可能吗?每当我们谈到有缔造力的人,我们就会遐想到无忧无虑、有艺术气质、不受时间和规则约束的人。另一方面,我们都知道——或者说我们自己——是那种对效果着迷、以最大效率运作的生产性类型。

Although creativity and productivity are oftentimes seen as qualities on opposite ends of a spectrum, there are actually ways we can harness both to achieve our goals.只管缔造力和生产力经常被看作是截然差别的两种品质,但实际上,我们可以使用它们来实现我们的目的。Think of it this way: You can't really have one without the other. Creativity is what gives rise to the visionary, disruptive concepts that can change the way people work, play and live.你可以这样想:你不行能真正拥有其中一个能力而没有另一个能力。缔造力是发生具有远见卓识、颠覆性观点的源泉,这些观点可以改变人们的事情、娱乐和生活方式。

On the other hand, productivity is what is needed to take a high-level concept and bring it down to reality, many times under less-than-ideal circumstances; it's the daily grind that is needed to put an idea into motion and make it sustainable in the long run.另一方面,生产力是使一种高水平的观点成为现实所必须的,而这种高水平的观点在许多情况下并不理想;把一个想法付诸行动并使其恒久可连续生长,需要天天的磨炼。In this post, we'll go over some of the ways you can harness your creativity and productivity, which are both increasingly demanded in today's fast-paced yet innovative work environments.在这篇文章中,我们将讨论一些你可以使用你的缔造力和生产力的方法,在当今快节奏但创新的事情情况中,这些方法都将是越来越被需要的。6.Quickly shift gears.6.迅速改变偏向。

One of the reasons we lose so much time during the creative process is that we're reluctant to shift gears--even after realizing we've hit a dead end. Part of the reasoning behind this is that after investing so much time into a specific idea, the most productive course of action would be to stick with it until the end.我们在创作历程中浪费太多时间的原因之一是,我们不愿意转变偏向——纵然意识到我们已经进入了一个死胡同。这背后的部门原因是,认为在一个事件上上投入了许多时间之后,最有成效的做法就是坚持到底。But the best way to foster both creativity and productivity is to abandon an idea as soon as you realize it's not working. The ability to refrain from marrying yourself to a specific concept or idea will prove productive in the long run, as it will give you the agility you need to develop only the very best solutions.可是造就缔造力和生产力的最好方法是一旦你意识到一个想法行不通就坚决放弃它。从久远来看,制止将自己与特定的观点或想法联合的能力被证明是有效的,因为它将提供应你所需的灵活性,你只需要开发出最好的解决方案7.Find your unique recipe.7.发现最适合你的独占配比。

Depending on whether your business or profession thrives on volume or scale on one end and uniqueness and differentiation on the other, your recipe for creativity and productivity will call for different proportions of each.凭据你的事业或职业是在数量上还是规模上蓬勃生长,或者是在规模上的奇特性和差异化上生长,你的缔造力和生产力的配方将需要两者的差别比例。For example, if you're a painter, then the balance will most certainly tilt more toward creativity. However, if you're a marketing director, then your recipe might call for a much greater dose of productivity.例如,如果你是一个画家,那么这种平衡肯定会更倾向于缔造性。然而,如果你是一名营销总监,那么你的配方可能需要更高的生产力。

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The same goes for each individual project you work on. Some may require a greater amount of out-of-the-box thinking than others, depending on the needs of those you are serving.你所从事的每一个项目都是如此。凭据服务工具的需要,有些服务可能比其他服务需要更多的开箱即用的思维。8.Break down your projects into steps.8.将项目按步骤剖析。

Every project can be broken down into smaller steps. Each of these steps, in turn, can be categorized as requiring a greater amount of creativity or productivity. Just because a project requires creativity doesn't mean that its entire execution will require you to constantly churn out original ideas.每个项目都可以剖析成更小的步骤。这些步骤中的每一步,依次可以被归类为是需要更多的缔造力或者是需要更多的生产力。仅仅因为一个项目需要缔造力并不意味着整个执行历程需要你不停地发生原创想法。

Knowing which steps require your most creative or, alternatively, productive self will help you organize your time better and plan according to the required mindset. For example, if you've completed the initial creative process of developing a design and are ready for the iteration stage, then you can prepare the time and place to be your most productive self.哪些步骤需要你最具缔造力,或者是最富有成效的自我,这将资助你更好地摆设时间,并凭据需要的心态举行计划。例如,如果您已经完成了开发设计的初始创意历程,并为迭代阶段做好了准备,那么您就可以准备好时间和所在来成为最高效的自己。9.Disrupt your routine.9.打破通例。

Creativity is sparked by new experiences and environments, so it's healthy to take a break from your routine once in a while. This will not only help you break from the mold of your daily thinking process, it will also provide you with brand new external input to help kickstart your creativity.缔造性是由新的履历和情况引发的,所以偶然从日常生活中休息一下是有益的。它不仅能资助你打破日常思维模式,还能为你提供全新的外部输入,资助你引发缔造力。Just make sure that you disrupt your routine with a specific purpose and task in mind. While it's good to take breaks, also beware of unwanted distractions. These will hurt both your creativity and productivity and can ultimately take you completely out of your desired mindset.只要确保你在脑中有一个特定的目的和任务来打乱你的日常生活。

虽然休息一下很好,但也要注意制止不须要的滋扰。这些都可能影响你的缔造力和生产力,最终会让你完全失去你想要的心态。10.Plan around your creative sessions.10.围绕你的创意课程计划。Since creativity demands free thinking and is harder to force into a specific time slot, try to plan your productive work around your creative sessions. In this way, you can give free reign to your creative self without letting it affect the rest of your work schedule.因为缔造力需要自由的思考,而且很难挤进一个特定的时间段,所以试着围绕你的缔造性课程来计划你的富有成效的事情。

这样,你就可以自由发挥你的缔造力,而不会让它影响到你的事情日程。For example, you can start your creative sessions at the end of the work day, when you know you can spend a bit more time if needed. Also, make sure not to schedule any high-priority work right after your creative sessions as you may not be in the right mindset to be your most productive self.例如,你可以在一天的事情竣事时开始你的缔造性运动,当你知道如果需要的话你可以花更多的时间。此外,确保不要在你的缔造性集会之后摆设任何高优先级的事情,因为你可能没有正确的心态实现高效的自我。11.Apply the right kind of thinking.11.运用正确的思维方式。

In the book Resonate: Present Visual Stories that Transform Audiences, Nancy Duarte explains the difference between convergent and divergent thinking. The latter has to do with expansive thinking that generates new ideas, while the second is related to sorting and analyzing these ideas to achieve the best result.在《共识:改变观众的视觉故事》一书中,南希·杜阿尔特解释了趋同思维和发散思维的区别。后者与发生新想法的扩张性思维有关,尔后者则与整理和分析这些想法以获得最佳效果有关。Knowing the difference between the two can help you apply the right thinking to each situation, thereby maximizing creativity and productivity. For example, if you're browsing interesting articles online to come up with new ideas, then you're probably practicing divergent thinking. On the other hand, if you're making a to-do list or editing a document, then you're probably applying more convergent thinking.相识两者之间的区别有助于将正确的思维应用于差别情况,从而将缔造力和生产力最大化。

例如,如果你通过在网上浏览有趣的文章来想出新点子,那么你可能正在训练发散思维。另一方面,如果你在做待服务项清单里的事或者在编辑文档,那么你可能就是运用了更收敛的思维。

Instead of trying to do both at the same time, consciously separate these. Put on your divergent-thinking cap when brainstorming new ideas, but take it off and put on your convergent cap when it comes to converting your idea into concrete steps.与其同时做这两件事,不如有意识地把它们离开。在举行头脑风暴时,戴上发散思维的帽子,但在将想法转化为详细步骤时,摘掉它,戴上聚合思维的帽子。

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12.Apply lateral thinking.12.运用横向思维。Another type of thinking that can get your creativity flowing under pressure is called lateral thinking. According to author Edward de Bono, this involves solving problems through unorthodox methods. Instead of thinking about a problem using conventional patterns, you can "move sideways" to find different perspectives and points of entry.另一种能让你的缔造力在压力下流动的思维叫做横向思维。凭据作者爱德华·德波诺(Edward de Bono)的说法,这涉及到通过非正统的方法解决问题。

您可以“横向移动”以找到差别的视角和切入点,而不是通过传统模式来思考问题。De Bono calls each of these different approaches a "thinking hat" and categorizes them according to color. For example, the "red hat" uses emotions and hunches to come up with a new idea, while the "white hat" uses facts and figures to find a new point of entry. 德博诺将这些差别的方法称为“思考帽”,并凭据颜色对它们举行分类。

例如,“红帽”使用情感和直觉想出新的点子,而“白帽”使用事实和数字找到新的切入点。What techniques have you used to maximize your creativity and productivity? We would love to hear about them. Just drop us a line in the comments section below.你用过什么方法来最大化你的缔造力和生产力?我们很想听听其中的故事哦。请在留言区给我们留言哦。About the Author关于作者Nayomi Chibana is a journalist and writer for Visme’s Visual Learning Center. Besides researching trends in visual communication and next-generation storytelling, she’s passionate about data-driven content.Nayomi Chibana是Visme视觉学习中心的记者和作家。

除了研究视觉转达和下一代趋势,她还对数据驱动的内容充满热情。本文由“设计与设计师”整理翻译英文原文,请点击“阅读原文”,转载请注明出处免责申明:民众号宗旨是收集好的资料分享,非盈利性质。

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